The Gun Laws Moving Forward in the Florida Legislature Could Make Schools Especially Dangerous for Students of Color

Illustration for article titled The Gun Laws Moving Forward in the Florida Legislature Could Make Schools Especially Dangerous for Students of Color
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On Monday, during an intense state Senate committee hearing on gun control, Florida lawmakers struck down a ban on assault rifles and approved an amendment allowing educators to carry firearms in school. Speaking on the floor during the session, Florida state Sen. Oscar Braynon told the room that “the talk” he gave his young boys would have to be updated.

Before, the talk on how to behave around armed authority figures centered on cops. Now it would include teachers.

“It bothers me to think, as a father of two young boys, to tell them to not be aggressive to your teacher,” Braynon said, according to the Sun-Sentinel. “Please don’t make it dangerous for children who look like my children to go to school.”


His colleagues in the Florida state Senate didn’t seem to be listening.

A half-dozen Democratic amendments for gun reform were voted down at the Florida Legislature on Monday, including the reform most sought-after by Parkland, Fla., student activists: a ban on all assault weapons. Instead, lawmakers approved proposals that included raising the age limit on firearm sales from 18 to 21, banning the sale of bump stocks and enacting the Florida sheriff’s Marshal Program, which would allow educators to carry firearms in school.

The Sun-Sentinel outlines the particulars of the controversial program:

Those who elect to participate in the program would have to go through 132 hours of training after a background check, psychological exam and drug screening. Both a school district superintendent and a county sheriff can prevent anyone from participating in the program for any reason.


Many have spoken out against arming educators for the inherent safety risks it poses, especially in armed-shooter situations. On Twitter, Charlotte Clymer compiled a thread of reactions from concerned gun owners and war veterans about the proposed law:


The thread included an excerpt from a New York Times article featuring former Marine sniper and author of the memoir Jarhead, Anthony Swofford.

Calling any proposal to arm teachers “absurd,” Swofford imagined a scenario in which a high school coach with a handgun would have to face down a student armed with an assault rifle:

More likely ... he would not have been able to draw his weapon (a side arm, presumably) quickly enough to stop the shooter, who with an an AR-15 would have had the coach outgunned. Even if the coach had been able to draw his weapon—from where? his athletic shorts?—any shots he managed to fire would have risked being errant, possibly injuring or killing additional students. As some studies have shown, even police officers have missed their targets more than 50 percent of the time. In firing a weapon, [the coach] would have only added to the carnage and confusion.


But as Jamelle Bouie noted in a recent Slate article, school shootings are still, thankfully, a relatively rare phenomenon. What is not rare—and what has been quantified in myriad ways throughout the years—is racial bias in classrooms. And as Sen. Braynon implied, the Marshal Program, by introducing guns into environments where students of color are disciplined at disturbingly disproportionate rates, is much more likely to harm students than it is to save lives.

As Bouie wrote, black, Latinx and Native American students are most likely to face harsh in-school discipline, despite not being any more likely to misbehave than their white counterparts. Bouie includes a number of data points to back this up, including this striking example: a 2011 study that found that 32 percent of black students were suspended for a first-time offense of using a cellphone at school. Their white peers were suspended at a rate of 15 percent.


“At all ages, black and Latino children are viewed as more dangerous and unruly, regardless of actual behavior,” Bouie wrote—and in reading this passage, it’s difficult not to recall the image of a school police officer pulling a black girl from her desk and slamming her to the ground. From teachers to administrators to law enforcement officers, schools have not hesitated to dole out the most severe punishments to students of color.


And now firearms may be an option.

This is perhaps the most disturbing fact: There is no age at which students of color are truly protected. Yale research suggests that racial bias exists among preschool teachers. In one study conducted by the university, preschool teachers were asked to watch video clips of children in classrooms and scan for “challenging behavior.” The jig? None of the clips contained challenging behaviors. Nevertheless, researchers found that the teachers, scanning for signs of trouble, spent more time looking at black children than white children.


The group they spent the most time watching? Black boys.

It isn’t difficult to imagine what could happen in a high school classroom when an armed teacher, however “well-intentioned,” anticipates challenging or dangerous behavior from a black student. For that matter, how do we expect our students to behave knowing that their teachers are armed? (And having worked in a school, I can promise you, students will find out which teachers are.)


The proposed bill in Florida also allows school district superintendents and county sheriffs to bar educators from participating in the program, thus introducing another entry point for an individual’s implicit bias to determine which teachers and administrators get approved and which don’t. It is hard to imagine a scenario in which black educators are approved to be armed at the same rate as their white peers.

But even if that were equal, there remains the final paradox: The educators rushing to get approved to bring firearms to school are the ones who have no business around your children. Ashley Nicole Black, a writer for Full Frontal with Samantha Bee, put it succinctly in one tweet:


“All I can picture is every racist teacher who lashed out at me verbally or physically over the years and what would have happened if that person had a gun?” Black wrote. “Yeah, there are more good, kind, teachers... but they’re not gonna be the ones signing up for guns.”

Staff writer, The Root.

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How many cops used the excuse “fearing for his life”, as they carried about 10lbs worth of equipment that can be used to incapacitate a suspect without killing them?