Thokozile Matilda Masipa; Oscar Pistorius
Screenshot from YouTube.com; Pool/Getty Images

Editor's note: Verdicts in the Oscar Pistorius case are being rendered Thursday and Friday by Judge Thokozile Matilda Masipa. The judge has already ruled that Pistorius is not guilty of the premeditated murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp. Masipa will continue to read her findings on lesser charges in court on Friday. Here is some background on the judge reported by The Root on April 15.

South Africa’s biggest murder trial is under way, and there’s a black woman at its helm.

Oscar Pistorius‚ÄĒone of that nation‚Äôs most renowned paralympics professional athletes and a former Olympian‚ÄĒstands accused of murdering his 29-year-old model girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp.¬†

With the world watching, Judge Thokozile Matilda Masipa‚ÄĒand only Masipa‚ÄĒwill decide if Pistorius intentionally killed his girlfriend or if he sincerely thought she was an intruder and thereby killed her by accident, as Pistorius claims. Unlike murder trials in the United States and most modern judicial systems, South Africa does not have trials decided by jurors because it was nearly impossible to find jurors not influenced by the racial effects of apartheid.

Masipa has had an impressive career. Her tough background, which The Root culled from global news reports, lends credence to court watchers’ speculation that she will not be influenced by the defendant’s emotional breakdowns or the crying and vomiting in court. Here are seven things to know about the judge:

1. Judge Masipa was born in Soweto‚ÄĒthe Johannesburg township famous for the anti-apartheid youth uprisings in the 1980s‚ÄĒin 1947, just one year before apartheid became an official ideology that was supported by a leading political party in the country‚Äôs 1948 political elections.

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2. Masipa received a Bachelor of Arts degree, with a specialization in social work, in 1974 and a law degree in 1990 from the¬†University of South Africa. In fact, she passed South Africa‚Äôs version of the bar exam¬†(pdf) in 1990‚ÄĒthe same year Nelson Mandela was released from prison.

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3. Masipa put all that schooling directly to use, quickly exhibiting a knack for public service. Before her judgeship, she worked as a social worker and then as a crime reporter covering racial-discrimination cases. Some reports say that her time as a journalist influenced her decision to practice law.

4. Masipa maintained her respect and fondness for the field of journalism after becoming a judge. In a 2003 interview, she described how she wants judges to be more transparent and use the media to communicate their court decisions and judicial processes to the public.

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5. She’s no pushover. Masipa once handed down a 252-year prison sentence to a guy who raped three women during a series of house robberies, and a life sentence to a police officer who killed his wife during an argument about their divorce settlement.

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6. In 1998 Masipa became the second black woman to be appointed a judge in the High Court of South Africa.

7. Masipa‚Äôs selection for the Pistorius murder trial was all luck and a routine allocation of court cases‚ÄĒnot a ‚Äúspecial selection,‚ÄĚ a representative from the country‚Äôs Department of Justice explained.

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Read more on The Root about the murder trial of Oscar Pistorius:

‚ÄúWhy Black South African Women Are Protesting at the Oscar Pistorius Trial‚ÄĚ

‚ÄúWill the Pistorius Case Change South Africa?‚ÄĚ

‚ÄúTrailblazing South African Runner Charged With Murdering Girlfriend‚ÄĚ