If you’ve had the chance to see the movie 42, which is in theaters now starring Harrison Ford, Chadwick Boseman and Nicole Beharie, you know a little about Jackie Robinson, the first African-American to play major league baseball.
Robinson broke the baseball color line with the Brooklyn Dodgers, who started him at first base on April 15, 1947. In doing so, Robinson challenged the practice of racial segregation and helped usher in the Civil Rights Movement.
Jackie Robinson was also known for his work in the African-American community when he retired from baseball. He was the first black television analyst in MLB, and the first black vice-president of a major American corporation. He was very active in the Civil Rights movement and in the 1960s, he helped establish the Freedom National Bank in Harlem, New York. In recognition of his achievements, Jackie Robinson was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal.
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