‘The Past is the Past’ They Say. Yet, the Last Survivor of Slavery Has Just Been Discovered

Illustration for article titled ‘The Past is the Past’ They Say. Yet, the Last Survivor of Slavery Has Just Been Discovered
Photo: Hulton Archive (Getty Images)

“Slavery was such a long, long time ago. Why can’t you people just forget about it?” —Wypipo proverb.

Advertisement

The legality of chattel slavery ended just over a century and a half ago in the U.S. Many white Americans want it to be regarded as distant history, not worth unearthing since “the past is the past” and it’s now time to move forward. But for black people, slavery isn’t a distant thing. Its shadow continues to loom over us 155 years after emancipation, in part because we’re still only a few generations removed from enslavement.

According to BBC News, the last survivor of slavery was recently discovered as Matilda McCrear, who died in 1940 at the age of 83.

Advertisement

Incidentally, McCrear is remembered by her grandson Johnny Crear who is presently 83-years old.

“I had a lot of mixed emotions,” Crear told BBC News after learning of the discovery. “I thought if she hadn’t undergone what had happened, I wouldn’t be here. But that was followed by anger.”

The discovery was made by Hannah Durkin, lecturer of Literature and Film at Newcastle University. Durkin had previously identified a woman named Redoshi Smith, who was captured from Africa and brought to the U.S. in the 19th century and died in 1937, as the last survivor. Now, with the discovery of McCrear comes a harrowing story. From the BBC:

Matilda had been captured by slave traders in West Africa at the age of two, arriving in Alabama in 1860 on board one of the last transatlantic slave ships.

With her mother Grace, and sister Sallie, Matilda had been bought by a wealthy plantation owner called Memorable Creagh.

Dr Durkin says there must have been a dreadful sense of separation, loss and disorientation for these families. Matilda’s mother had lost the father of her children and two other sons left behind in Africa.

And in the US she had been powerless to stop two daughters from being taken from her, sold to another owner and never seen again.

Matilda, Grace, and Sallie tried to escape the plantation soon after they arrived but they were recaptured.

The abolition of slavery, in 1865, brought emancipation but Matilda’s family still worked the land, trapped in poverty as share-croppers.

Advertisement

Crear says he never learned much about his grandmother’s history growing up. Imagine learning this was the life and history of a close relative. How difficult would it be for you to accept “the past is the past” as a narrative?

Durkin describes McCrear as quite the rebel, saying, “But Matilda’s story is particularly remarkable because she resisted what was expected of a black woman in the US South in the years after emancipation. She didn’t get married. Instead, she had a decades-long common-law marriage with a white German-born man, with whom she had 14 children.”

Advertisement

“Even though she left West Africa when she was a toddler, she appears throughout her life to have worn her hair in a traditional Yoruba style, a style presumably taught to her by her mother,” Durkin continued.

Durkin’s research is published in the journal, Slavery and Abolition.

This is our history and our legacy and we refuse to forget it lest we become complacent in fighting for our civil liberties today. Crear, still grappling with what he has learned of his grandmother said it best:

“From the day the first African was brought to this continent as a slave, we’ve had to fight for freedom.”

Zack Linly is a poet, performer, freelance writer, blogger and grown man lover of cartoons

Share This Story

Get our newsletter

DISCUSSION

cmallen
C.M. Allen

“Slavery was such a long, long time ago. Why can’t you people just forget about it?” —Wypipo proverb.

1) Because it wasn’t a long time ago — it’s America’s yesterday. The generations leaving this world today are the same ones who grew up *in* that time. The sins of your forebears do not disappear the moment you look away.

2) America has not collectively demonstrated the ability or willingness to recognize the depravity and depths of its crimes against people of color, especially black people — they’ve continued the traditions of those same monstrous slave owners and fight to build and defend statues and monuments in honor of their depravity.

3) People of color are still being targeted, abused, marginalized, and maligned in grossly large numbers too great to simply be ‘coincidental’ — the institution of slavery, its concept and design, has gone nowhere. It’s simply been shrouded by a prettier package.