The Trayvon Martin Timeline

Take a look at the major events in the controversial case as the trial begins.

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    Trayvon with his father, Tracy Martin (wftv.com)

    One year ago, African-American Florida teen Trayvon Martin, 17, was shot and killed at his father’s gated community by George Zimmerman, a white Hispanic resident of the community. The killing outraged thousands of Americans and launched a renewed dialogue about racial profiling, “Stand your ground” laws and gun control.

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    Martin family photo

    Feb. 26, 2012: Trayvon Martin Killed

    About 7 p.m. Zimmerman, a 28-year-old unofficial neighborhood-watch man, called 911 to report a “suspicious person,” later reported to be Trayvon, in a gated community, Retreat at Twin Lakes, in Sanford, Fla. Despite instructions from the dispatcher, Zimmerman pursued him. Zimmerman alleges that after an exchange of words, Trayvon punched him in the nose, pinned him to the ground and began slamming his head into the sidewalk. About 7:25 p.m. Trayvon was shot once in the chest and killed. At the time of his death, the unarmed teen, who was on his way back to his dad’s home after a trip to a convenience store, was carrying a small amount of cash, a bag of Skittles and a can of iced tea. He was wearing a hoodie. 

     

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    Tom Williams/CQ-Roll Call Group/Getty Images

    March 8, 2012: Martin Family Holds Press Conference  

    Benjamin Crump, a lawyer for the Martin family, along with Trayvon’s parents, Sybrina Fulton and Tracy Martin, held a news conference in Orlando, Fla. The family expressed concern that police would decide to consider the shooting as self-defense and that police had ignored their request for a recording of the original 911 call. 

     

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    Getty Images

    March 12, 2012: Police: There Is No Reason for an Arrest in Trayvon Shooting

    In response to growing complaints, Sanford Police Chief Bill Lee said Zimmerman had not been charged because there was no reason to believe that the shooting was not self-defense under Florida’s “Stand your ground” laws, according to Orlando’s WFTV. Lee later admitted that investigators took Zimmerman’s word that he had a clean record and didn’t find out about Zimmerman’s previous arrest until days after the shooting.

     

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    Family lawyer Benjamin Crump speaks at news conference. (Getty Images)

    March 20, 2012: Department of Justice and FBI to Probe Shooting

    Responding to civil rights complaints, the federal government announced plans to investigate the shooting. The decision to open an investigation into the slaying spurred an internal debate at the DOJ over whether the federal government could bring criminal charges in the case. Civil rights law protects against “hate crimes” or actions by police officers, but Trayvon’s shooting may not have either of those elements, officials told the Washington Post.

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    Getty Images

    March 21, 2012: The Million Hoodie March

    Hundreds gathered in New York City’s Union Square to show solidarity with Trayvon Martin and his family and to protest racial profiling. Trayvon’s parents thanked the demonstrators, who chanted, “We want arrests” as they marched in the teen’s memory.

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    Win McNamee/Getty Images News

    March 23, 2012: President Obama Weighs In on Trayvon Martin 

    Speaking publicly on the subject for the first time, the president said that if he had a son, “he would look like Trayvon,” and that he wanted to get to the bottom of the incident.

     

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    Twitter

    March 23, 2012: LeBron James Tweets Miami Heat Hoodie Photo

    With President Obama adding his two cents and the entire Miami Heat basketball team posing for a picture for which they all wore hoodies, the Trayvon Martin case became even more widely known than it already was.

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    ABCnews.com

    March 29, 2012: Police Video Shows Zimmerman After Trayvon Martin Shooting

    In leaked surveillance video footage of Zimmerman being led from a police car shortly after he fatally shot Trayvon, he does not appear to have any obvious signs of injuries or bloodstains, but his attorney said the video was too grainy to be revealing.

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    Protesters at the Los Angeles Million Hoodie March

    April 9, 2012: Poll Shows Sharp Racial Divide

    Proving the divisiveness of the case, a USA Today/Gallup poll found that 73 percent of blacks believed Zimmerman would already have been arrested had Trayvon Martin been a white teen. Only 33 percent of whites said the same.

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    Getty Images News

    April 11, 2012: Zimmerman Is Charged With Second-Degree Murder

    George Zimmerman was taken into custody and charged with second-degree murder in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin. “We did not come to this decision lightly,” Angela Corey, the special prosecutor appointed by Florida Gov. Rick Scott to re-examine the case, said at a news conference in Jacksonville, Fla.

     

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    Getty Images News

    June 7, 2012: Zimmerman's Bond Is Revoked  

    Zimmerman returned to jail because his $150,000 bond was revoked after prosecutors claimed that he and his wife, Shellie, had deceived the court during an April bond hearing. At the hearing, Shellie testified that the couple had limited funds for bail because she was a full-time student and her husband wasn’t working. Prosecutors said George actually had raised $135,000 in donations from a website he created. His wife was charged with perjury.

     

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    Getty Images

    June 22, 2012: Sanford Fires Police Chief

    Lawyer Crump said that Trayvon’s family was satisfied with the firing of police Chief Bill Lee. The family learned of the termination while attending the 37th annual National Association of Black Journalists convention in New Orleans.

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    Getty Images

    Oct. 22, 2012: Zimmerman's Defense Gains Access to School, Social Media Records  

    A judge ruled that attorneys for the neighborhood-watch volunteer could inspect the school records and social media postings of Trayvon to “see if they give any evidence that he had violent tendencies,” the Associated Press reported.

     

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    Reuters

    Dec. 3, 2012: Zimmerman's Lawyers Release Photo of His Bloody Nose

    Although a grainy version of the picture had been floating around for months, the color photo shows Zimmerman’s nose bloody and swollen on the night of the killing.

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    Tracy Martin, Sybrina Fulton and Jamie Foxx (Joe Raedle/Getty Images News)

    Feb. 9, 2013: Jamie Foxx Joins Trayvon Martin's Parents for Peace Walk

    The actor joined Trayvon’s parents in Miami for a Day of Remembrance Peace Walk in honor of the teen. “The thing is, with press, and you know how press goes, it will be a hot story at one point. It will be the thing to go to, and all of a sudden, they try to forget about it,” Foxx said. “And I said I don’t want anybody to forget about this, because they can’t forget about the fact that they lost their son.”

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    WFTV

    Feb. 20, 2013: Sanford Hires a Black Police Chief

    Incoming Sanford Police Chief Cecil Smith is scheduled to take his new post on April 1, just days before George Zimmerman’s scheduled “Stand your ground” hearing. “We have to let it go through the court system,” he told press. “The court has to make the decision whether Mr. Zimmerman is guilty or not guilty, but my goal in the police department is to make sure nothing like this happens again.”

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    Martin-family lawyer Benjamin Crump, Tracy Martin and Sybrina Fulton (Mario Tama/Getty Images)  

    Feb. 26, 2013: The Nation Remembers Trayvon Martin

    For the one-year anniversary of Trayvon’s death, his parents and supporters held a Million Hoodie Vigil in New York City’s Union Square. Tracy Martin declared the day “Hoods Up Day.” Memorials were also held in Sanford, Fla., where Trayvon was killed.

     

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    An anti-"Stand your ground" protester (Joe Raedle/Getty Images)

    March 5, 2013: Defense Waives 'Stand Your Ground' Hearing

    Under Florida’s “Stand your ground” law, if Zimmerman’s legal team proved that he killed Trayvon out of self-defense, Zimmerman would have been granted immunity and walked free. But defense attorneys skipped the hearing in which they could have argued for the dismissal of Zimmerman’s charges.

     

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    Twitter

    March 25, 2013: Zimmerman's Brother Rants on Twitter

    Robert Zimmerman, George Zimmerman’s brother, wrote a controversial tweet comparing Trayvon Martin to a 17-year-old black male in Georgia who was accused of killing a baby. After the uproar over the tweet, Robert Zimmerman apologized.

     

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    Tracy Martin and Sybrina Fulton (Getty Images)

    April 5, 2013: Trayvon's Parents Settle With Homeowners Association

    Trayvon’s parents were believed to have settled for more than $1 million in a wrongful-death lawsuit against the homeowners association of the neighborhood where Trayvon was killed. Though the specific amount wasn’t made public, in February Mark O’Hara, George Zimmerman’s defense attorney, said that the association or its insurer offered Martin and Fulton a million-dollar settlement and they refused that amount.

     

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    Ron King (YouTube)

    April 12, 2013: The Racial References Continue

    Port Canaveral, Fla., police Sgt. Ron King was fired from his position with the police department after he brought targets resembling Trayvon to a gun range. King made a YouTube video responding to the allegations. In the video he said that the targets were a “no-shoot training aid.”

     

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    George Zimmerman in court (Getty Images)

    April 12, 2013: Zimmerman's Mother Speaks Out

    Gladys Zimmerman, George Zimmerman’s mother, wrote an open letter to commemorate the one-year anniversary of her son’s arrest. She said in the letter that the justice system failed her family and that her son is an innocent man. The letter doesn’t mention Trayvon or his family.

     

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    Jamie Foxx at MTV Movie Awards (Getty Images)

    April 14, 2013: Jamie Foxx's Shirt Stirs Up Controversy

    Jamie Foxx wore a shirt to the MTV Music Awards that said, “kNOw Justice, kNOw Peace” and featured photos of Trayvon and the Newtown, Conn., school shooting victims. Racist reactions ensued on social media outlets.

     

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    Judge Debra Nelson and Defense Attorney Mark O'Hara (Getty Images)

    May 23, 2013: O'Hara Requests 6-Week Delay

    Mark O’Hara, the lead defense attorney for George Zimmerman, filed for a six-week delay of the start of the trial against Zimmerman. He cited new evidence from the prosecution as the reason. Judge Debra Nelson rejected the request.

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    Trayvon Martin (Mark O'Hara)

    May 28, 2013: Defense Can't Use Information

    Judge Debra Nelson ruled that defense attorneys can’t mention Trayvon’s marijuana use, past fighting or school suspension during opening statements in the upcoming trial. However, that information may come up in testimony.

     

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    Trayvon Martin's cellphone (state of Florida)

    June 2, 2013: Cellphone-Video Controversy

    Defense attorney Mark O’Hara admitted that a video from Trayvon Martin’s cellphone shows two homeless men fighting over a bicycle, although the defense initially argued that the video shows Trayvon friends beating up a homeless man. On social media, the mistake stirred up controversy and accusations of racism. The defense team has not yet released the video to the public.

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