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Police officer responds to the Washington Navy Yard mass shooting (Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

"The script followed by the media during the coverage of the shooting at the Navy Yard in Washington is an all-too-familiar one," Jack Mirkinson wrote Monday for the Huffington Post. "The story has unfolded in confusing, conflicting pieces, in real time, in front of viewers and on Twitter. And, just as in Newtown, and in Boston, key mistakes have been repeated."

The slain suspected shooter was identified by the FBI as Aaron Alexis, 34, living in Fort Worth, Texas. An African American, his race was broadcast throughout the day, often with little other description. Same with another potential suspect who was white.

""Hours after the rampage began it remained unclear whether the shooting was the act of a lone gunman, or if other shooters were involved," the Post story, by Carol MorelloPeter Hermann and Clarence Williams, continued. "[D.C. Police Chief Cathy L.] Lanier initially said authorities were looking for two more potential shooters dressed in military style clothing. Shortly after she announced a detailed description of two suspects, city officials said one had been located and cleared. And at a 10 p.m. news conference she said police were comfortable the shooting had been committed by one person."

Mirkinson wrote for the Huffington Post, "The Navy itself proved to be a chief source of news at the outset," displaying a tweet from the Navy posted at 8:37 a.m.: "#BREAKING: #USNavy confirms active shooter at Washington Navy Yard. More to follow."

"After that, all of the usual elements began falling into place," Murkinson continued. "Cable news soon went wall-to-wall, and networks broke in with brief special reports.

"There were the tweets quoting police scanners, and the admonitions for them to stop, since they have proven in the past to be sources of a great deal of dubious information . . .

"There were the conflicting reports, based on anonymous sources, about the number of fatalities. . . ."

The shooting quickly became the day's major story, with nonstop news coverage, at least on cable news, and a statement from President Obamalamenting "yet another mass shooting." The "CBS Evening News" was extended to an hour. Outside of Washington, news outlets were on the lookout for a local angle. Philadelphia's WPVI-TV, for example, discovered that Nalo Washington, daughter of veteran journalist Linn Washington, who teaches at Temple University, came face to face with the shooter and begged him not to kill her before running to safety. The station interviewed Linn Washington.

In Washington, the website of all-news WTOP Radio "was so overwhelmed with traffic Monday, the following message got posted: 'Due to the current events at the Washington Navy Yard we have replaced our home page with a live blog of the events to provide you with the latest news and to allow the site to function optimally,' " dcrtv.comreported. The Washington Post dropped its paywall for the day.

CNN, which during April's Boston Marathon tragedy famously broadcast -- incorrectly -- that law enforcement officials had identified "a dark-skinned male" as the suspect, was extraordinarily cautious this timeErik Wemple reported for the Post.

"Given that other outlets reported the name, and that they subsequently turned out to have been right, what could CNN possibly have been waiting for? The Erik Wemple Blog put that question to CNN today. Spokeswoman Edie Emery responded that the network didn't go with story until 'the FBI told CNN the name on the record.'

"Revolutionary. Had CBS News and NBC News followed that prescription earlier in the day, they wouldn't have pushed the bogus name of a suspect into the public realm. NBC News attributed that name to 'sources.' A tweet from a CBS News staffer didn't contain details on sourcing. . . ."

At midday, Bobby Caina Calvan, media watch chair of the Asian American Journalists Association, posted on the group's Facebook page:

"Again, let's be careful about jumping to conclusions in the unfolding drama in Washington, particularly in assigning motive or identifying suspects, or seeking relevance in the color of their skin."

Calvan told Journal-isms by email, "I posted it after reading the Washington Post coverage. In its early coverage, the Post described the shooter as dark-skinned without giving any context. I found that a cause of concern, particularly because I saw nothing in the story that would make the shooter's skin color relevant.

"As we know, the mention of skin color and race in situations like these has sometimes been wrong. The Boston marathon bombings was a recent case in point.

"Even when it turns out to be the case -- that the shooter was indeed dark skinned -- what relevance is there at this point?

"I understand the need to give readers/viewers as much information as possible, but when the accuracy of information is still uncertain, we need to be very careful about what information we report, or perhaps suggest, as fact.

"The New York Times had mentioned that another potential suspect was white. And that a possible third suspect was black. In the end, there might have been only two suspects, perhaps only one. Again, we don't know. When it comes to certain bits of information, perhaps we ought to wait."

The Associated Press Stylebook, the most widely used among news organizations, says race should be used in news stories "For suspects sought by the police or missing person cases using police or other credible, detailed descriptions. Such descriptions apply for all races. The racial reference should be removed when the individual is apprehended or found."

The police descriptions grew more detailed as the day went on, even if some media descriptions did not. According to a 2:20 p.m. dispatch in Washington City Paper, Lanier said the Metropolitan Police Department was "searching for two potential suspects in addition to a shooter who was killed. She described one as a white male in a beret-style hat between 40 and 50 years of age, who was wearing a tan military-style uniform consistent with U.S. Navy garb; and a black male of medium complexion with gray sideburns, who was wearing an olive uniform, has gray sideburns, and who is about 5 foot 10 inches and 180 pounds. She said investigators do not know if the suspects are members of the Armed Forces."

Deanna Boyd and Bill Miller, Star-Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas: Navy Yard shooter had at least two gun-related incidents in past

Dart Center for Journalism & Trauma: Mass Shooting At DC Navy Yard: Tips for Journalists

The two deputy editors of Essence magazine, Rosemarie Robotham and Teresa Wiltz, have left the publication, Essence spokeswoman Dana Baxter confirmed on Monday, and Angela Bronner Helm, a former editor-in-chief of Uptown magazine, has joined as executive editor, the third-ranking editorial position.

Wiltz, a former editor at the Washington Post and The Root, arrived at the leading magazine for black women amid fanfare a year ago, and was responsible for management, conceptual planning, development and top editing the News and Culture department, as well as center-of-book features, the magazine said at the time.

Robotham is an author and novelist who writes frequently about the black family. She is a former staff writer for Life magazine, was a senior editor at Simon & Schuster and won awards for her reports on poverty and on delinquency among girls.

Time Warner announced in February that it is spinning off its struggling magazine division, which includes Essence. The new magazine company is expected to start with $500 million to $1 billion in debt, the New York Times reported in March. Essence suffered an 11.9 percent loss in ad dollars for its print editions for the first half of 2013, the Publishers Information Bureau reported. In February, after a wave of layoffs at Time Inc., the magazine fired or laid off four members of its newsroom staff, the editor-in-chief, Constance C. R. WhiteCorynne L. Corbett, the beauty editor; Greg Monfries, the creative director; and Deborah Boardley, the photo editor.

Essence reported a circulation of 1,104,871 at the end of 2012, second in circulation to Ebony among magazines targeting African Americans.

Vanessa K. Bush, who became editor-in-chief on July 1, has made these other appointments since assuming the post on an acting basis in February, Baxter said: Melissa Kramer, fashion director; Aretha Busby, beauty director; Abby West, executive editor,essence.com; and Erika Perry, creative director.

Bronner Helm has also worked at amNewYork, Honey, CityGuide.com and AOL BlackVoices.

Meanwhile, Lynne Marek reported Monday for Crain's Chicago Business, "Johnson Publishing Co., the Chicago-based publisher that owns Ebony and Jet magazines, said it arranged new financing through a firm that specializes in 'alternative' lending, or loans that traditional banks don't provide because they're too risky.

"In a news release, Johnson Chairman Linda Johnson Rice said the new financing from Gibraltar Business Capital LLC will allow the company to 'execute our strategic goals, strengthen our brands and lead to future growth.' She wasn't immediately available for comment. . . .

The Root took a plunge in a tally of unique visitors during August, and Black Planet, which had been eclipsed as a social media site with the rise of Facebook and Twitter, saw a substantial gain. The comScore, Inc. research company also reported increases for the gossipy Bossip.com and for the Grio, owned by NBC.

The Root, a product of the Washington Post Co., slid from 2,062,000 unique visitors in April to 567,000 in August, a period of changing editorial leadership at the site. However, a comScore spokeswoman said, "TheRoot.com rolls up into Slate and The Washington Post Company, and both of those entities have seen similar drops. . . .

"The publisher may have shifted or reassigned some traffic -- that can often be the cause of a drop off in numbers like that. Another possibility is that more users are now accessing these sites via mobile, so we're seeing the desktop numbers slide a bit. We've actually seen this happen with quite a few sites recently. Remember, the numbers . . . are PC only."

Donna Byrd, publisher of The Root, told Journal-isms by email, "Over the past couple of months, our energy has been focused on the long term vision and success of The Root. We are going through an exciting evolution. We brought on Lyne Pitts as the new managing editor last week. She is an award winning journalist with extensive experience in producing quality news. This summer, we redesigned our website and we will unveil the new look next month. I have no doubt that these changes will allow us to solidify our lead in this space."

Black Planet, which garnered 651,000 unique visitors in April, rose to 1,114,000 in August, according to comScore.

"Before the phrase 'social network' became a household name, Black Planet had millions of users," Marcia Wade Talbert reported last year for Black Enterprise. "The site became profitable in 2002, despite the dotcom bubble that brought other Internet companies crumbling to their knees. At its peak, BlackPlanet, a product of Community Connect Inc., which built websites to engage minority audiences, grew to 20 million users, and former co-founder, Omar Wasow, was named 'Sexiest Internet Executive' by People magazine. For a time, the site's success seemed boundless -- that is until the advent of MySpace, Friendster, and Facebook.

In 2008, Interactive One bought the site for $38 million through parent company Radio One, and last year announced BlackPlanet Next, "a unique social experience that will allow us to bring our thoughts and ideas to the forefront.

"Other social networking sites will be layered on top of BlackPlanet Next. The new design will allow users to aggregate content from social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter and Foursquare, placing content onto each user's activity stream."

Today, Black Planet boasts on its website that it is "The largest Black community online for a reason.

"We have music, jobs, forums, chat, photos, dating personals and groups all targeted to the specific interests of the Black community. BlackPlanet is the original, and still the best, website for it all."

Other August results for African American-oriented sites are WorldStarHipHop, 4,780,000, down from 5,096,000 in April; MediaTakeOut, 2,819,000, up from 2,736,000 in April; Bossip, 2,602,000, up from 1,612,000 in April; HuffPost BlackVoices, 2,450,000, down from 2,692,000; BET Networks, 2,128,000, down from 2,572,000; the Grio, 1,936,000, up from 1,413,000.

Also, Madam Noire, 1,686,000, down from 1,823,000; Essence, 800,000, down from 880,000; NewsOne, 756,000, down from 876,000; the YBF, 628,000, up from 613,000; Hello Beautiful, 599,000, up from 589,000; EURWeb, 461,000, up from 283,000; Ebony, 421,000, up from 178,000; Black America Web, 339,000, up from 279,000; Clutch, 265,000, up from 232,000; Black Enterprise, 238,000, down from 346,000; and Concrete Loop, 115,000, down from 153,000.

"Victims often absorb the shame that should belong to the perpetrators," Diane McWhorter, author of "Carry Me Home: Birmingham, Alabama -- the Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution," wroteSunday in the print edition of the New York Times. Her essay was titled, "Civil Rights on the Cheap."

"For most of her 62 years, Sarah Collins Rudolph has confronted that misplaced emotion every time she looks in the mirror at a glass substitute for the eye she lost 50 years ago today, when members of the Ku Klux Klan bombed the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Ala. The same ambulance (colored) that took young Sarah to the hospital subsequently transported the corpse of her 14-year-old sister, Addie Mae Collins, who perished along with three other girls. The morning's Sunday school lesson was on 'The Love That Forgives,' " wrote McWhorter, a fellow at the W. E. B. Du Bois Institute at Harvard.

The caption on an accompanying photograph read, "Sarah Collins, 12, was blinded in one eye by the blast that killed her sister and three other girls.

The article continued, "This anniversary year could have been an opportunity for Birmingham to practice some rigorous truth and painful reconciliation. It has ended up being a balkanized, largely ceremonial affair. The city's Empowerment Week, an underpublicized festival of imported panelists and celebrities concluding today, exemplified the crux of the mission's flaw: why is it so difficult to extend the notion of empowerment to include the powerless? We are more comfortable devoting civic resources to media events and monuments, like the life-size sculpture of the girls unveiled in Birmingham this week, than addressing the persistent casualties of the history being commemorated.

"The sometimes impressive anniversary tributes stand in contrast to how little glory the bombing victims themselves caught over the years. Carole Robertson's first name was misspelled on a marker at the church. Addie's remains went missing from her grave. So when Congress awarded the girls its highest civilian honor, the Congressional Gold Medal, earlier this year, it was something of a shock that Ms. Rudolph responded, no thanks.

" 'I'm letting the world know, my sister didn't die for freedom,' she told the press. 'My sister died because they put a bomb in that church and they murdered her.' Declining to attend President Obama's signing of the resolution in May, she stated her preference for compensation 'in the millions.'

"Ms. Rudolph did end up going to the formal medal ceremony at the Capitol on Tuesday. 'What changed my mind is that I love my sister,' she explained to me. . . ."

Merlene Davis, Lexington (Ky.) Herald-Leader: Still in fear 50 years after the Birmingham church bombing

Fannie Flono, Charlotte (N.C.) Observer: The legacy of four girls in Birmingham

Amy Goodman with Sarah Collins Rudolph, "Democracy, Now!" Pacifica Radio: "The Fifth Little Girl": Birmingham Church Bombing Survivor Still Seeks Compensation 50 Years On (Sept. 17)

Leonard Pitts Jr., Miami Herald: Dead girls and the lives they might have lived

 

"The number of journalists kidnapped every year has increased since the beginning of the conflict, which has entered its third year, and more kidnappings have been recorded in 2013 than in the two previous years, the IPI research shows. . . ."

Charles M. Blow, New York Times: It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World

Stanley Crouch, Daily News, New York: No easy wars, just ugly ones (Sept. 9)

Charles D. Ellison, Philadelphia Tribune: Obama lacks Black support on Syria

Joan Gage, Huffington Post: The Power of a Photograph

Roland S. Martin, Creators Syndicate: There Is No Right or Wrong Vote When It Comes to Syria

Eugene Robinson, Washington Post: Yes, Vladimir, America is exceptional

Margaret Sullivan, New York Times: The Delicate Handling of Images of War

Armstrong Williams, Washington Times: Obama's Syria fiasco degrading America's global currency

"In this week's New Yorker, there's a new look for Goings On About Town, a redrawn update of the classic Irvin font, and other design changes," the New Yorker reported on Sunday. Here's the magazine’s creative director, Wyatt Mitchell, discussing the process that led to these enhancements . . ." Mitchell joined the magazine last year. (video)

Christine Haughney, New York Times: The New Yorker Spruces Up a Stalwart of Print, Subtly

"You always knew when Darlene Brindle Waties was in the Daily News newsroom," John F. Morrison wrote Monday for the Philadelphia Daily News.

"She had a larger-than-life personality, a voice that commanded attention, a wry sense of humor, and a laugh that was contagious. With Darlene at her desk, doing her job of placing stories in the pages for the next day's paper, there was a feeling that everything was going to be all right, that the new product was going to jump off the newsstand.

"She was feisty -- she designed feisty pages," said copy editor Ed Weiner. Newspaper colleagues were stunned when they learned that Darlene, a Daily News staffer since 2001, had died in her sleep Fridaynight at her home in Cherry Hill, N.J. She was 51. . . ."

"CNN anchor Don Lemon has, of late, turned the focus of his frequent conversations on race to the idea of personal responsibility in the African American community," Mediaite reportedon Saturday. "On Saturday night's edition of CNN Newsroom, Lemon continued that controversial trend with comic legend Bill Cosby, who has also felt the heat of controversy on the subject. Cosby talked to Lemon about young black men raising their kids, over-medication of juvenile inmates, and may have even coined a new word: 'No-groes.'

"For the past few months, Don Lemon has courted controversy with several segments pegged to his general agreement with comments by Fox News personality Bill O’Reilly, aimed at solving problems within the black community. Legendary comic actor Bill Cosby has also stirred controversy by airing grievances against his community, but neither Lemon nor Cosby [has] backed away from [his] criticisms. In Saturday night's interview, Lemon asked Cosby to reflect on the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington, and what kind of African American leaders are needed now.

" 'I think it has to come from the universities,' Mr. Cosby began. 'I think, women, strongly because when you see 70%, in research, that says they are the leaders of the household, what we need is for people to realize I want to raise my kid. I want to go back and get my three kids. I want to take on that responsibility. I want to love my children.'

"He added that one of the sights he'd like to see more of is what he saw at the recent Essence Festival, 'walking around to see, yeah, to see a black male with his child on the shoulders and holding.' . . ."

Michael Meyers, HuffPost BlackVoices: The Bogus-ness of "Black-on-Black Crime" Punditry (Sept. 4)

"On Friday, ICTMN published an essay, 'Fun Racism Quiz: Would NFL Have a Team Called Washington Blackskins?', and [a] provocative image byGerard Miller that he had published some time ago, as a college undergraduate," the Indian Country Today Media Network said Monday.

"Miller, an African American, said that the piece had convinced some of his fellow students -- ones who didn't care about the controversy over the Redskins football team name -- that it was an issue they should care about.

"The image is a strong one, and it inspired strong reactions from many of our Facebook followers, as well as debate in a comment thread that has now stretched to over 500 entries. There are many insightful comments in the thread -- and many that aren't insightful.

"Wayde Sid McCloud contributed one of the first responses, and to some extent hit the nail on the head: 'When the African American cries racism, America has your back 100%. When Native Americans talk about racism towards them, it's ignored!'

"He may be exaggerating with 'has your back 100%' but it's safe to say that America has developed pretty good radar when it comes to racist images and words directed at African Americans. The Blackskins image is obviously racist. Nobody could argue that it is a 'tribute' to African Americans. Through perseverance, the black community has largely succeeded in educating the rest of America about what images and words are disrespectful and harmful --but, unfortunately, Native Americans haven't gotten to that stage. When Natives call out an image as racist, they are often challenged. Everything from 'It's a tribute' to 'You're just being politically correct' to 'It's a tradition -- get over it.' . . . "

"Former City Council President Charles Pugh has resigned nearly three months after he vanished from the city, saying he has found strength to move on with his life, despite a 'deliberate effort to destroy me,' " Christine Ferretti reported Friday for the Detroit News. "The Friday statement[photo] is the first from Pugh since he left Detroit's City Hall in June. That's when allegations surfaced of an inappropriate relationship with a teenage boy and his pay, title and duties were stripped by Emergency Manager Kevyn Orr for failing to return to work after being denied medical leave. . . ."

Esther J. Cepeda, a columnist for the Washington Post Writers Group, wrote that she was not impressed with PBS' "Latino Americans" series debuting Tuesday. "Instead of an evenhanded chronology I found something resembling the canned rantings of leftist zealots who see America's history and present solely in terms of colonialist oppressors who toil at keeping the United States predominantly white in the face of rising multiculturalism," Cepeda wrote.

President Obama planned to golf Saturday with Tony Kornheiser and Mike Wilbon, hosts of "Pardon the Interruption" on ESPN, and aide Marvin Nicholson, according to the White House pool report filed by Michael Collins of Scripps Howard News Service. In July, when Kornheiser celebrated his 65th birthday, he, Wilbon and Tony Reali, host of ESPN's "Around the Horn" and PTI's longtime on-air fact-checker, ate lunch at the White House and visited with Obama in the Oval OfficeChris Good reported then for ABC News. The ESPN journalists also golfed with the president.

According to one count, at least 15 journalists have joined the Obama administration since 2009Ben Jacobs reported Friday for the Daily Beast. None appears to be a journalist of color. Time managing editor Rick Stengel said last week he is leaving the newsweekly to become undersecretary of state for public diplomacy and public affairs.

The Star Tribune of Minneapolis is being accused of elitism over a Monday editorial describing the city's Nicolett Mall. "Starch-collared corporate types stroll shoulder to shoulder with welfare mothers and their screaming babies. The homeless and mentally ill share benches with office workers trying to catch a little sun. It's not always a pleasant mix of cultures and manners, but there’s an authenticity to it -- and even, perhaps, a sense that we're still all in this together." "Wonder which group the Strib editorial board feels more kinship with?" asked Kevin Hoffman in the City Pages.

"Carlos Watson first made his name in Silicon Valley as an entrepreneur, then parlayed the ensuing celebrity into television gigs on CNBC, CNN and MSNBC," Peter Delevett wrote Monday for the San Jose Mercury News. "Now, after a brief dalliance in investment banking, the man once listed among America's most eligible bachelors is set to unveil his latest venture. And, perhaps not surprisingly if you read the last paragraph, it's a media-focused startup. . . ."

As OWN prepares to mark its third anniversary in January, with its first-ever profitable quarter, Oprah Winfrey was asked whether there are things she will not put on OWN. "The role that I see myself serving is to put a mirror up to people's lives by allowing them to see, through the storytelling that we do, their lives through other people," Winfrey told Josef Adalian of New York magazine. "You can see somebody's sorrows, but also their triumphs, and be lifted by that. You have to be responsible for the energy you're putting out into the world. There are a lot of people, particularly in this business, who don't give two poops about it. I've sat at those mogul jamborees -- all the big muckety-mucks in a room, the bastions of media. And I've asked the question, "Where is your moral compass?" Not a lot of people are thinking about that, but I feel a responsibility to it. To whom much is given, much is expected. . . ."

Mum is to be the word on the placement of John Hughes, general manager of Washington's WPFW radio, on paid administrative leave. "In an email to the staff of WPFW and Pacifica, Summer Reese, the [Pacifica] foundation's interim executive director, asks that the shifts be kept quiet -- a request very much at odds with the station's proclivity to air its dirty laundry," Jonathan L. Fischer reported Monday for Washington City Paper. " 'I want to make it clear to all programmers, staff and board members that there is to be no discussion of John Hughes on the air, in public, in email, social media or in the press," Reese writes. . . . "

In Mexico, "riot police beat four photographers and seized their equipment while they were covering the dispersal of teachers occupying a square in Xalapa, capital of the eastern state of Veracruz," Reporters Without Borders reported Monday, condemning "the continuing police violence against journalists covering demonstrations."

Journal-isms is published on the site of the Maynard Institute for Journalism Education (mije.org). Reprinted on The Root by permission.

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Journal-isms is published on the site of the Maynard Institute for Journalism Education (mije.org). Reprinted on The Root by permission.