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Commentator and entrepreneur Armstrong Williams, who said Monday that he plans to buy WMMP-TV in Charleston, S.C., from Sinclair Broadcast Group, Inc., said Tuesday that other television companies should be asked why they are similarly not helping other entrepreneurs of color to purchase stations.

Providing the entrepreneurs with cable networks is one thing, as Comcast has in fulfilling a commitment made in 2011, when it purchased NBC, but physical television stations are tangible assets, Williams said.

African American television station ownership dropped from 12 stations in 2009 to 10 in 2011, or less than 1 percent of the nation's 1,348 full-power television stations, the Federal Communications Commission said in November.

Sinclair agreed in February to sell Williams' firm two other stations, although he is not a part of Sinclair. Williams said Sinclair has guaranteed his $50 million loan, "and thank God for that. It shows you the progress that we've made." The lesson, he said, is "you've got to develop meaningful relationships," as he has over 13 years with Sinclair.

"You will see us celebrate diversity in our business in talent and in management," Williams pledged.

David Honig, who leads the Minority Media and Telecommunications Council, pointed to the FCC when asked why more people of color don't own television stations.

"Television stations use publicly owned spectrum, which is in limited supply," Honig said in an email. "Consequently the FCC must act as a gatekeeper to decide who gets to hold broadcast licenses and get them renewed. Since 1973, advancing minority ownership has been a significant factor in broadcast licensing.

"Between 1978 and 1995, the FCC had reasonably strong minority ownership policies. However, those policies are gone now, and the FCC hasn't replaced them with new initiatives. For the past several years, the FCC has ignored over 70 proposals, offered by over 50 national organizations, to restore minority media and telecom ownership opportunity.

"Formerly there was a pipeline minorities could use to gravitate from management to ownership. The pipeline was fueled by the FCC strictly enforcing its equal employment opportunity rules in an industry with a long and continuing history of racial and gender privilege. Unfortunately, FCC EEO enforcement all but ended in 2001 and has not returned. Civil rights organizations' proposals to reform EEO enforcement have been pending at the FCC for twelve years without action.

"In the 1990s, the FCC's media ownership rules were relaxed, allowing combinations of two television stations in the same market. More recently, through 'shared services agreements' and other ruses, one company can essentially control three TV stations in the same market. Although there are exceptions, most of these arrangements have been anticompetitive and have diminished diversity. A new entrant doesn't stand a chance securing financing to compete against such a combination.

"Dozens of highly skilled minority and women broadcasters and entrepreneurs are capable of owning and operating television stations. But without access to capital, access to spectrum and access to opportunity, they are walled out of the world’s most influential industry.

"The FCC has failed miserably to cure this. Minority exclusion in an industry whose backbone is public property is unconscionable and fixing that should be the FCC’s top priority."

More than one-third of the editorial staffers at the venerable Plain Dealer of Cleveland lost their jobs on Wednesday, Anna Clark reported in Columbia Journalism Review. One published listing of the casualties showed eight to be of color -- including veteran columnist Margaret Bernstein.

According to "the partial list of the first 42 layoffs at the Plain Dealer sent by a source," published on the Grumpy Abe website, the affected newsroom staffers of color include Bernstein; Sandi Boyd, clerk; Stan Donaldson, reporter; Felesia Jackson, graphic artist; Adrian Johnson, layout editor; Deborah Miller, copy editor; Racquel Robinson, letters editor; and Tonya Sams, reporter.

"Of the dozens departing, most were volunteers (albeit under duress), with only a handful forcibly laid off. Medical reporter Harlan Spector, president of the Newspaper Guild chapter representing many Plain Dealer employees, was among the voluntary layoffs," Clark wrote.

Bernstein confirmed to Journal-isms that she left voluntarily. "Why did I volunteer? I've been here nearly 24 years, I'm ready for a change," she said by email. "I have a book that I've been working on for 11 years about an inspiring local hero, Yvonne Pointer. This is my chance to complete it. I've got some opportunities on the horizon to do some contract work related to topics that I'm deeply passionate about: mentoring, literacy, engaging parents. So I've made my peace with leaving journalism."

Clark's story continued, "The cuts, part of owner Advance Publications' shift to a 'digital-first' strategy, gutted the newspaper of about 50 experienced journalists. The paper will also implement previously-announced plans to cut home delivery to three days a week starting August 5, while amping up its affiliated website,

"By Wednesday afternoon, that site prominently featured a story answering reader questions about delivery changes on the front page… but no story on the layoffs. No comprehensive list was made available to the public, or even among staffers, who were left to buzz among themselves by phone and social media to hear who got the 'good' call. When I tried to look up the archival work of some of the reporters laid off, I found that it was no longer possible to search by their names: I repeatedly got a page that reads 'Unable to locate author.'

"The layoffs had been pending for months, so that by the time Plain Dealer journalists were asked to stay home Wednesday morning to await the call that would let them know whether they still had a job, one of the dominating moods was relief -- at least now, they know. As one reporter told me, the waiting has been 'slow torture.' "

Bernstein also won the Community Service Award in 2008 from the National Association of Black Journalists, which coincidentally opened its annual convention Wednesday in Kissimmee, Fla. Executive Director Maurice Foster said 1,937 people were registered as of Tuesday, a figure that includes exhibitors. NABJ attracted 2,586 registrants last year in New Orleans. The association had 2,986 members as of June, Foster said.

Ruth Holladay blog: Indianapolis Star "Hit List"

Jay Miller, Crain's Cleveland Business: Diminished editorial staff reports to The Plain Dealer

Vanessa K. Bush, named acting managing editor of Essence magazine after the February dismissal of Constance C.R. White as top editor, won the top job on Wednesday.

"As Editor-in-Chief, Bush will serve as the brand's editorial leader and oversee the magazine's content and vision," an announcement said. "Most recently, Bush has served as Acting Editor-in-Chief since February of 2013, responsible for leading the editorial team.

"Bush recently introduced ESSENCE's #HeIsNotASuspect social media campaign aimed at reducing racial profiling of young African-American men. She has spearheaded numerous editorial franchises including 'Guns Down', ESSENCE's multi-part series addressing gun violence in our communities and 'Where Smart Starts', a year-long initiative around education. During her tenure, ESSENCE launched a new Twitter program, #ESSENCEDebates, and introduced the innovative Beauty Matchmaker tool. In addition, under her leadership, the 2013 ESSENCE Festival's ESSENCE Empowerment Experience daytime programming enjoyed record-breaking attendance; bringing ESSENCE content to life around the pillars of family, health, relationships, beauty, careers, personal empowerment, activism, and more.

"She first joined ESSENCE more than a decade ago as Beauty and Fashion Features Editor, where she directed all style and beauty sections. In 2003, Bush was named Lifestyle Editor, responsible for coverage including food, home, parenting and lifestyle. Additionally, Bush was a member of the editorial features team, writing and editing numerous impactful stories -- such as Thin Line Between Love and Hate on teen dating violence and Fat Chances chronicling childhood obesity. In 2005, she was named Executive Editor, managing the editorial team to implement the brand's creative vision, as well as overseeing staffing, systems, operations and the magazine’s operating budget. . . ."

White told Journal-isms in March that her departure was the result of repeated clashes with Martha Nelson, the editor-in-chief of Time Inc. who White says sought to limit the way black women were portrayed.

Nelson named Bush editor-in-chief, according to the Essence announcement.

" 'It just isn't doing a very good job of portraying our true selves, the complete picture of who we are,' she told theGrio. 'I still see Essence as that place that helps illuminate, inspire, educate, empower, and elevate black women. There's still a clear need for that. Our new direction is all about the promise and the joy of our lives, and celebrating that, continuing with our tradition of bringing awareness to the issues in our community as well as our tradition of journalistic excellence. We want to be a part of those critical conversations that are happening right now.' "

Separately, Melissa Kramer is joining Essence as its fashion director, Chris O'Shea reported for FishbowlNY. "Kramer most recently served as creative director for Uptown, where she worked on fashion spreads for celebrities such as Michael Jackson, Iman and Lenny Kravitz."

"After several grueling years, Oprah Winfrey's cable channel OWN has turned the corner toward profitability, her business partners at Discovery Communications said on Tuesday, six months ahead of its previously stated goal," Brian Stelter reported for the New York Times.

"In the second quarter, OWN was cash-flow positive for the first time, said David M. Zaslav, Discovery’s chief executive. He credited investments in programming, including two new shows from Tyler Perry, and increases in subscriber fees from cable and satellite providers.

"OWN, which is a joint venture between Ms. Winfrey and Discovery, is now 'starting to pay down the investment Discovery has made in the venture,' Mr. Zaslav said in his company’s annual earnings conference call. . . ."

Rachel L. Swarns, a correspondent for the New York Times since 1995 and author of "American Tapestry: The Story of the Black, White, and Multiracial Ancestors of Michelle Obama," has been chosen to write a New York-based weekly column for Times, Metro Editor Wendell Jamieson announced to the staff Wednesday. Swarns would be the Times' only African American Metro columnist.

Swarns, "a writer of great sensitivity and power, will be joining Metro to write a weekly column exploring work and the myriad ways it touches us," Jamieson wrote. "But just as Mike Wilson's Crime Scene column is not so much about crime as it is about people, so too will Rachel’s canvas be broad: it will be about life, seen through the prism of the work we do, or want to do, or need to do, or wish we were doing."

Swarns, a native New Yorker, "joined The Times from The Miami Herald in 1995, first covering the Bronx. She became Johannesburg bureau chief in 1999. She has been in Washington since 2003, reporting on immigration, the presidential campaigns of 2004 and 2008 and Michelle Obama's first year in the White House. She has also explored the rich terrain of family life, writing about adoption, marriage and parenting," Jamieson continued.

Swarns' husband, Henri Cauvin, is joining the Times as an assistant Metro editor in September. Cauvin left the Washington Post on July 24 as development and transportation editor.

Lloyd Grove, Daily Beast: Good Jill, Bad Jill


The original home of San Antonio's KWEX-TV, the first full-time Spanish-language television station and first UHF channel in the United States, is to be torn down to make way for an apartment complex, Elaine Ayala reported Monday for the San Antonio Express-News.

"The San Antonio Conservation Society and the Texas Historical Commission have opposed the plan; they want to see the 1950s-era building restored and incorporated into the new development," Ayala wrote.

"The city's Office of Historic Preservation has supported the apartment project, with the condition that the site's history be recognized. Developers must return to the Historic and Design Review Commission to seek final approval."

The station, now KWEX Univision San Antonio, broadcast its inaugural newscast from new headquarters Monday.

"The inaugural newscast turned into a reunion for some of the station's pioneers, including Emilio Nicolas, who owned and operated KWEX; Martha Tijerina, the station's first anchor and talk-show host; Maria Elena Torralva Alonso, who hosted a live educational program at the station in the 1970s before becoming the first Mexican-American woman to work at a San Antonio English-language station; and longtime weatherman Andrés Ricardo Morin," Ayala reported.

"Like Trayvon [Martin] and countless other young black men, our young Native men are literally dying, likewise falling victim to the presumption that brown men are always criminals, always doing something wrong. White supremacy," Gyasi Ross, an enrolled member of the Blackfeet tribe and an activist, attorney and author, wrote Tuesday for the Indian Country Today Media Network.

"A few names come to mind -- John T. Williams, Jack Keewatinawin, Daniel Tiger, Christopher Capps, Clinton Croff, AJ Longsoldier, the list goes on and on -- their major crime was being Native. That's why they are dead. Like Trayvon -- he's dead because he was black."

Ross was responding to the same question posed by this columnist at last month's National Native Media Conference. Why the relative silence among Native Americans about the fatal shooting of the unarmed black Florida teenager by a night watchman who was acquitted of all charges?

"To our non-Native allies: there are a couple of legitimate reasons why there has been no critical mass of responses from the Native community-- the 'why should we' reason," Ross wrote.

"1) First, Native people have very little reason to have any amount of faith in the judicial system. From constantly seeing non-Natives acquitted for killing Native people (see the above names and multiply that by 1000), to the very foundational law of this Nation (read Johnson v. M'Intosh or Cherokee Nation v. Georgia or In the Courts of The [Conquerors] by Walter Echohawk to begin to understand the profound lack of faith that Native people have and should have in US courts), we are used to getting screwed by the courts of the conquerors.

"So why be outraged? In fact, it would be stranger for a Native person to expect a GOOD outcome from these courts. Unlike Black folks, Native people do not have a Brown v. Board of Education to hang our hopes on. These courts have been bad to us since day 1.

"2) The other 'why should we' is that there was no larger response from the Black community, the Hispanic community, the progressive community when that long litany of names, above, were killed by law enforcement for being Indian. So there is a sense of 'Why should we contribute to this larger group of concerned citizens of color that doesn't care about us?' Non-Native allies, you should help champion this message -- it will help create this larger sense of community.

"Not saying that this mindset is 'right,' but it's certainly understandable.

"3) I suppose a third 'why should we' reason is that, for the most part, Native people simply do not have the capacity to deal with someone else's heartache. We have our own. Lots of it. If an entire block of houses[is] burning, everybody should absolutely help one another escape the fiery inferno. At the same time one could be excused for trying to make sure that his own family escaped the flames first.

"All of our blocks are burning. It's not that we don't care -- it's that Native people, like others, have to save ourselves first.

"But we are not isolated. It does not benefit us to simply put our collective heads in the sand and pretend that the Trayvon Tragedy or any of these larger pop culture movements do not affect us. They do. The Native media has to connect the dots and start working with other communities of color to stop our people from getting killed. That means stop pretending that these are isolated incidents and not things that we have to worry about."

"Karl Rove gets it. So do major advertisers, broadcast networks, and their digital offspring," Sarah Bartlett wrote for the Nieman Journalism Lab. "To be a viable political or commercial force in America's future, you must be able to understand and connect with an audience that is heavily made up of African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans.

"No surprise there, right?

"Then why is there a paucity of research, education and funding aimed at producing excellent journalists and sustainable news outlets to serve that important and expanding audience? Why is ethnic media still relatively invisible to media analysts, foundations and journalism schools, and what are the costs to us if this trend continues?

"New York City is, admittedly, an extreme example of media diversity: Three million residents -- 37 percent of the population -- are foreign-born, and less than a quarter of those residents report speaking only English at home. Not surprisingly, there's a vibrant ecosystem of ethnic media to serve a population that speaks more than 170 languages. But a version of New York's mishmash exists in suburbs and small towns across America. Multicultural media are everywhere.

"So it's puzzling that we still hear (including from my esteemed colleague Jeff Jarvis) about the declining fortunes of New York's 'three daily newspapers' when there are 18 dailies serving the city, nine of which are published in languages other than English. . . . "

Bartlett is director of the Urban Reporting Program at the CUNY Graduate School of Journalism and a board member of the Center for Community and Ethnic Media.

In Washington, the Newseum is planning an exhibit on ethnic media next year.

"A journalism faculty member at Marquette since January 2010, Lowe will help extend the university's efforts to support and promote solutions journalism, which advocates describe as reporting that investigates responses to and provides valuable insights about social issues, Bergen said. . . . "

Lowe was president of the National Association of Black Journalists from 2003 to 2005.

One Hollywood studio wanted Bishop T.D. Jakes to confirm everything in the script. Steven Spielberg was interested in the tale of the black White House butler who served eight presidents from Harry Truman to Ronald Reagan, but he wanted to tell it through the eyes of the presidents, not the butler.

Sheila Johnson, the co-founder of Black Entertainment Television, made those revelations to a packed house Tuesday as she explained how she managed to raise enough money to begin filming the movie version of a 2008 story by Washington Post reporter Wil Haygood.

Haygood was there to discuss the book version of his story, published this week, as Johnson, the executive producer; Charles Allen, the only son of the main character, Eugene Allen; and Rear Adm. Stephen Rochon, first black chief White House usher, who worked in the George W. Bush and Barack Obama White Houses, elaborated.

Last October, Lisa Frazier Page wrote in the Post of the efforts of Laura Ziskin, who with director Lee Daniels raised $20 million toward producing the film independent of the major studios that passed on it. But Ziskin succumbed to breast cancer in June 2011.

Johnson picked up the torch. "To raise funds, Ziskin decided to target wealthy African Americans for financing. That brought her to Sheila Johnson, who as vice chairman of Monument Sports Entertainment is a managing partner of the Washington Mystics and the only African American woman to have ownership in three professional sports teams, including her interests with the Washington Wizards and Capitals," Page wrote.

" 'I was mesmerized by the story,' said Johnson, also chief executive of Salamander Hotels and Resorts. 'I read the script and was just blown away.' "

The movie -- now titled "Lee Daniels' The Butler" after the Motion Picture Association of America noted that a 1916 silent film short was named "The Butler" -- opens Aug. 16 and is being previewed Saturday at the National Association of Black Journalists convention in Kissimmee, Fla.

Politics and Prose, the Washington bookstore where 300 people came to hear Haygood Tuesday, plans to post a video of the event on its website , former owner Barbara Meade told Journal-isms.

Responding to a question about the servile nature of the main character's occupation, Haygood paraphrased Martin Luther King Jr.'s famous line, "If a man is called to be a street sweeper, he should sweep streets even as Michelangelo painted, or Beethoven composed music, or Shakespeare wrote poetry. He should sweep streets so well that all the hosts of heaven and earth will pause to say, here lived a great street sweeper who did his job well." Haygood added, "He was a master butler."

"It's almost biblical," Haygood said at another point. "The last shall be first. The movie is about the butler -- not one of the presidents."

Wil Haygood, Washington Post: 'The Butler' movie: Forest, Oprah and me

Journal-isms is published on the site of the Maynard Institute for Journalism Education ( Reprinted on The Root by permission.

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Journal-isms is originally published on Reprinted on The Root by permission.