South Africa is facing its first major political crisis since black-led African National Congress took power in 1994. A fierce opposition is emerging, oddly — but perhaps predictably — from within the ruling party, itself.
This crisis arose out of the national conference the ANC held in December at which Jacob Zuma was elected head of the party. Hours after the vote, Zuma was indicted on charges related to a corrupt arms deal. Party members loyal to Zuma—the Zumacistas—roundly criticized Mbeki at the conference. (Mbeki had fired Zuma from his job as deputy earlier in the arms investigation.)
Zuma supporters considered the indictment politically motivated. They are also not bothered by previous charges related to Zuma’s relationship with an HIV-positive AIDS activist. (Zuma was acquitted of rape charges but drew criticism when he claimed the sex was consensual and that he protected himself against contracting the virus by taking a shower after the encounter.)
If he is brought to trial on the most recent corruption charges, some of Zuma’s supporters have warned “there will be blood on the floor.”
Not a day goes by without a story of the internecine bickering between what are clearly “two Centers of Power” – the government headed by Mbeki, and the party headed by Zuma, who had once been Mbeki’s deputy. And while both deny a crisis, and insist they can and will work together, this is clearly a watershed moment for this still young (12-year-old) democracy.
And as Kenya, an erstwhile poster child of democracy, slides into the abyss of anarchy after years of stability, there is clearly a need for both centers of power to watch their words, as well as their actions. For example, some Zuma supporters have criticized Dikeng Mosenke , the deputy chief judge of the highest court, for remarks he made at his 60th birthday party, which I attended. He said: “I have another 10 to 12 years on the bench and I want to use my energy to help create an equal society. It’s not what the ANC wants; it’s about what’s good for the people.”
The ANC’s newly reconstituted National Working Committee criticized Moseneke for having “difficulty in shedding his historical leanings and political orientation.” Though a subsequent meeting between Moseneke, the chief justice and the deputy president of the ANC resulted in Moseneke being absolved of any wrong speaking, there are still calls for his head from some of the Zumacistas.
The feisty victors have cleaned house of most Mbeki loyalists within the party, putting in their own, including one who oversees the work of the president, his cabinet and ANC members of parliament. Such actions generate headlines like: “Do As We say Or Else, ANC Warns Mbeki.”
On Sunday, the new ANC Treasurer, Matthews Phosa told premiers and mayors: If you do not take instruction, then you are asking for marching orders.