(Special to The Root) — It is 50 years since the summer of 1963, when civil rights and labor activists were putting the finishing touches on the plans for a mass march on Washington, D.C. That march, as we all know, culminated in a key turning point for the civil rights movement. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his now iconic “I Have a Dream” speech, ushering in two of the most productive years of the civil rights movement.
As we we prepare to commemorate that march 50 years later, we are in the heart of another summer, one in which the enormous advances in civil rights and racial equality, won by the sacrifices of those in the civil rights movement, appear to be in retreat. In a stunning display of raw power, the Supreme Court overrode the power given to Congress in the 15th Amendment to enforce the Constitution’s ban on racial discrimination in voting, and hollowed out a key section of the Voting Rights Act. State leaders in the South immediately announce plans to enact voter-suppression laws that had been stalled by the act. Elected leaders unabashedly embrace a range of policies that will make it harder for their own constituents to vote. North Carolina legislators passed a law that Hilary Clinton recently described as one of the “the greatest hits of voter suppression.”
In Florida, the acquittal of George Zimmerman for the killing of black teenager Trayvon Martin suggests that in our gun-soaked society, and aided by “Stand your ground” laws, innocent young black men can be stalked on the streets of their own neighborhood and killed by average citizens whose racial anxiety drives them to initiate provocative and deadly encounters.
With colorblindness as a cynically deployed rhetorical cloak, lawmakers adopt policies that squeeze out opportunity for poor black and brown Americans — rejecting almost any legislation that would improve public services, support urban centers and aid those at the economic edge.
Meanwhile, our nation’s prisons continue to continue to swell with the incarceration of individuals — again, disproportionately black and brown — convicted of nonviolent drug crimes. Thirty thousand inmates join a hunger strike in California prisons, to protest against the use of, in some cases, decades-long stints of solitary confinement, a practice known to break down the human mind and spirit. Low-wage workers strike at fast-food establishments around the country.
It is the summer of our discontent, just as it was in 1963.
To be sure, we are in a period of great challenge to the very essence of democracy in this country, to which there must be a powerful civil rights response. The march 50 years ago, and the period known as the civil rights movement, has ended. But there is a difference between the historically bound “civil rights movement” and the movement for civil rights. The former was an extraordinary period in our nation’s history. The latter is an ongoing effort born of the recognition that no win is permanent, that democracy must be consistently refreshed, maintained and prodded. As we prepare to commemorate the historic March on Washington, we must also reflect on new challenges we face in the post-civil rights era.
These challenges are nothing compared with dogs, nightsticks and water hoses. But these challenges’ elusiveness and the seduction of the post-civil rights narrative that lies at their core makes them uniquely difficult to overcome.