(The Root) — Anti-Obama demonstrators in Arizona taunted the president of the United States with racial slurs in Arizona this past Tuesday, the 50th anniversary of the historic Voting Rights Act. The sight of hundreds of protesters proudly raising hate-filled signs echoed anti-civil rights demonstrations of the 1960s, but with an ironic twist.
Obama traveled to Arizona as part of a monthlong series of speeches promoting the economy. At Delta Vista High School in Phoenix, the president unveiled policy recommendations to jump-start the American housing industry. Outside, a boisterous group of protesters sang, “Bye Bye Black Sheep,” and waved signs that said, “Impeach the Half-White Muslim.” According to the Arizona Republic, some demonstrators accused Obama of fanning national racial tensions. One protester characterized the president as “47 percent Negro” in a racist play on Mitt Romney’s offensive comments denouncing almost half the nation as freeloaders who helped deny him the White House.
This naked display of racism supports Obama’s recent public admission that America has yet to enter a postracial era. The nation’s first black president — the symbolic and elected leader of our democracy — is still reviled by many white Americans solely because of his skin color. This makes Barack Obama a singular unique case in American history: the first black man ever to be racially profiled for winning the presidency.
Obama’s 2008 election inspired optimistic predictions that race mattered less in American life than at any other point in the nation’s history. Yet from almost the start of his presidency, Obama has been dogged by racially motivated criticism. Much of these attacks connected the president’s policy proposals, most notably the Affordable Care Act, to his personal and political biography.
The Tea Party combined skepticism about Obama’s patriotism, citizenship and political motivations with an unfettered rage against increased taxes embedded in the president’s health care plan. Tea Party rallies that proliferated soon after Obama assumed office were marked by racially charged rhetoric that highlighted the president’s skin color and multicultural background (especially his father’s African heritage) as proof of his inauthenticity.
The Birther movement took this one step further, meticulously crafting a conspiracy theory that alleged that Obama’s Hawaiian birth certificate had been forged. This narrative argued that since Kenya was Obama’s real place of birth, he was ineligible to be president. Obama’s very presence as commander in chief continues to ignite racial passions that, in their starkest forms, echo the white supremacist and antiblack rhetoric associated with the heyday of the civil rights era.
The racism on display in Arizona is disappointing but should not discourage Americans from delving into the roots behind such protest. The hard work of democracy requires a national conversation about race in America to assess the progress achieved during the past half-century.