Free Our Minds

Obama's unique background helped him break through shackles most of us didn't even realize we wore.

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Obama has proved us wrong.

Perhaps he had not been jaded in the way that so many other African Americans have been because of our experience with limitations. Obama grew up differently. Yes, he knew of racist barriers, and, yes, he experienced racism in his life, we learn from his memoir, Dreams of My Father.

But although he embraces African-American identity and culture, he is a biracial person whose black Kenyan father was absent and who was raised by his white American mother and grandparents. He would not have absorbed the parental racial angst like so many of the rest of us, hearing our parents' message, whether subtle or overt, about what white folks wouldn't let us do.

And he is not a descendant of slaves—at least not here in America, though one can't discount the possibility that Obama's Kenyan ancestors were raided perhaps by Arab or other slave traders who once pillaged that region of Africa. If such a history exists and Obama, who grew up with little contact with the Kenyan side of his family, is aware of it, he has not publicly discussed it.

Because of this different kind of background, he would not know that deep well of unspoken African-American pain passed down since slavery days, from generation to generation. Such cultural knowledge is both a strength, and, at times, a source of self-limitation that only compounds the corrosive effect of the limits imposed on us by white society.

And one of the most heartbreaking effects of self-limitation is its atrophying impact on young African Americans. Why try, if I'm only going to face racism? Why venture beyond my cultural comfort zone if they (the big white they) don't want me there?

What Obama's candidacy and victory prove is that they, too, have changed; they, too, have broken through some barriers. Like the elderly white man wearing the huge Obama button who recently approached me in the parking lot of the local grocery store. Tapping his big button, he asked: "You gonna vote for my guy?" I said, "For sure!" And as we chatted a bit about the campaign, he touched my arm and said: "You know, I was raised in Arkansas and everything was segregated. I am so proud to be able to vote for an African American." I felt proud, too, to be able to experience such a moment. To witness a barrier falling, a limitation being let go.

My Election Day bitter sweetness has passed. I now marvel at all the cross-racial jubilation washing over the nation and the new dialogues about race and country that Obama's victory has sparked. In an e-mail evoking the spirit of South Africa's first democratic election, a friend in Johannesburg wrote, "Yesterday we woke up yet again (the last time being April, 1994, for me) to a new world filled with promise."

Quietly, privately, through years of defensive bluster and agitation about race, I have longed for a time like this—a new American dawning. I am holding on tight to this precious, precious moment.

Lynne Duke was a writer for The Washington Post for 20 years and authored the 2003 memoir "Mandela, Mobutu and Me: A Newswoman's African Journey."