Does Race Trump Gender?

Don't ever ask a black woman this question.

Getty Images
Getty Images

Oprah Winfrey has been widely criticized by white feminists who saw her decision to support Barack Obama over Hillary Clinton as a betrayal that put race before gender. Oprah’s pointed response spoke for many black women whose loyalty to gender and race is also being questioned — and tested.

“You know, after Iowa, there were some women who had the nerve to say to me, ‘How could you? How could you?”‘ Winfrey said from the stage at a recent Obama rally in California. “‘You’re a traitor to your gender…..

“I say, I am not a traitor. No, I’m not a traitor. I’m just following my own truth, and that truth has led me to Barack Obama.”

Black women around the country are digging deep to find their own truths, too. Do we stand with our white sisters in the cause of getting the first woman elected president, or with our black sisters who believe standing by the black man is paramount?

Is it even fair to press us to justify our choice, whichever one it is? Maria Shriver, wife of the California governor, and Caroline Kennedy, icon of American political royalty, were also at the Obama rally that day and though they may have to answer for not supporting a female candidate, they won’t likely be questioned about their commitment to the larger white community.

Black women have never had the luxury of casually separating race from gender. And given the choice, most of us probably would not even want to. We see ourselves as black women, not as two separate entities. But on political matters that have implications for the larger black community, we have historically placed race before gender.

With Clinton and Obama competing hard for our votes, we will have to make decisions that cut deep into who we are and what we stand for. What’s at stake is not just our sense of personal empowerment but our sense of social responsibility.

Clinton has a proven record of advocating on behalf of women and children. But we can’t lie; many of us see Obama as one of our own. He understands what it means to be black in this country and has a wife we relate to and admire. Of course, there are other important factors at play and politically savvy black women will surely consider them.

There’s a lot riding on our votes and that’s why we have replaced suburban white soccer moms as the media darlings de jour. But 2008 is not the first time black women have been asked to chose between their identities. And it is not the first time they have been criticized for their choices, — even in spite of them. During the 1950’s and 1960’s black women willingly subordinated their feminist aspirations for the larger goal of black civil rights. They were the backbone of the Civil Rights Movement but got less recognition than they deserved and were overshadowed by the male leaders of the movement who got most of the credit.

For black women back then, something more profound than gender was at stake and that was the dignity and uplift of the larger black community. If they united for “the cause” the reasoning went, their impact would be more powerful. Who could argue with that? The cause of women’s rights, well, that would be dealt with down the road. Truth be told, we still have a long way to go on male chauvinism and patriarchy in the black community.