The Film Adaptation of Half of a Yellow Sun Comes Full Circle 

A complex love story is set against the brutal civil war that nearly split Nigeria in two. 

Anika Noni Rose (left) and Joseph Mawle (right) in the film Half of a Yellow Sun
Anika Noni Rose (left) and Joseph Mawle (right) in the film Half of a Yellow Sun

Movies rarely do books justice, and thus I was surprised that the film adaptation of Half of a Yellow Sun captured the nuance that author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie achieved in her award-winning novel. 

The stellar ensemble cast is partially responsible. Wealthy Nigerian twin sisters Olanna (Thandie Newton) and Kainene (Anika Noni Rose) are each involved in romantic relationships that are effected by the political and social unrest underway in Nigeria during the Biafran civil war of the late 1960s. Olanna, the caramel-complexioned and somewhat prissy sister is dating (and eventually marries) a sharp-tongued revolutionary professor by the name of Odenigbo (played by Afro-British actor Chiwetel Ejiofor). Kainene, the chocolate-complexioned sister who’s funny and delightfully acerbic, is dating a white British writer by the name of Richard (Joseph Mawle). Throughout the course of Richard’s time in Nigeria, he begins to identify as a Nigerian and ultimately a Biafran. It’s such an interesting character arc to see this white man come into himself in Africa. 

Newton’s and Rose’s on-screen chemistry is palpable. They’re distant, yet synchronized—as is often the norm for sisters. Both Olanna and Kainene are smart as whips, cultured (they were schooled in London), and have an uncomfortable relationship with the wealth they stand to inherit.

Then there’s the story of Ugwu (John Boyega), the village boy who comes to live with Olanna and Odenigbo in the city as their housekeeper. His blossoming relationship is with modernity and the Western way of life. Odenigbo, a pro-Igbo zealot, wants to shake Ugwu of his subservience and teach him the importance of getting an education. Ugwu, in turn, is quiet as a mouse, yet seems to have an upperhand on Odenigbo in another way: Ugwu is very observant and is aware of people’s ulterior motives, like how he senses that Odenigbo’s mother is trying to drive a wedge between her son and Olanna.

“Go back and tell your fellow witches that you did not see my son!” Mama Odenigbo sneers at Olanna during their first encounter. Her pidgin English makes the cut from the verbal lashing all the more deep.

The rift between Odenigbo’s mother and Olanna is just one of the personal conflicts that arises. But at its core, Half of a Yellow Sun is a film about war and its residue. As author Adichie has said, there is ‘Nigeria before’ and ‘Nigeria after’ the Biafran conflict, which saw millions die from famine and fighting. She recalls the impact on her own family and wanted to reflect that in her story, so it is the historical backdrop against which this tale is told. Adichie’s family is Igbo, the well-educated ethnic group who tried to secede from Nigeria to form the independent nation of Biafra. Olanna and Kainene are also Igbo, and their relationships are put to the test during this civil war, as they hopscotch from city to city, village to village, and refugee camp to refugee camp, trying to survive and help their native Igbo people.

With civil unrest looming and anxieties flaring, the movie also shows how relationships are one giant, complicated web. When one is disrupted or weakened, it can drastically alter the well-being of another. While Olanna is out of town, Odenigbo’s mother sends her housegirl into Odenigbo’s bedroom to sleep with him when he is drunk. Olanna finds out, is terribly hurt, and seeks revenge by sleeping with—wait for it, her sister’s boyfriend, Richard.

On the surface, one just might chalk that up to a cruel case of revenge, but a closer examination reveals that here lies a woman who sees her cheating husband and her twin sister as one in the same. Olanna admires both Odenigbo and Kainene for their strength and resolve, yet also envies them because she lacks these traits. As viewers watched that betrayal unfold, I immediately got the sense that Olanna conflates these two individuals perhaps because of their proximity to her heart. To her, Odenigbo and Kainene are one in the same, and that Biyi Bandele, the director, is able to capture that on film, is impressive.