(The Root) — From the moment juror B37 spoke out for the first time about why she voted to acquit George Zimmerman in the killing of Trayvon Martin, she has been the target of criticism. Her compassion, intellect and motives have all been questioned, by social media and just about every person in my social circle, including me.
Yet for all of the legitimate criticisms that many of us may lodge at juror B37, there is one thing for which she inarguably deserves praise: She did her civic duty by serving on a jury.
Many of us don’t.
Getting out of jury duty is actually a point of pride for many, so much so that there is a common joke about those who do serve on juries: “12 people too stupid to get out of jury duty.” There are humorous articles on how to get out of jury duty. One of comedian Sarah Silverman’s most famous (and controversial) jokes revolves around her elaborate plan to evade jury duty. She uses racism as a sort of get-out-of-jury-duty-free card.
But the outcome of the Zimmerman trial reminds us why evading jury duty is no laughing matter, and the racial makeup of juries isn’t, either.
Minorities have historically been underrepresented on juries. Although conscious racism was once the primary reason, today other obstacles play key roles, among them the exclusion of a disproportionate number of black males because of previous felony convictions, as well as issues related to class. Inadequate transportation and child-care options, for example, have been cited as obstacles for potential jurors of color.
The Supreme Court’s 2010 ruling in Berghuis v. Smith was a setback on the issue of juror diversity, with the high court finding that an all-white jury convicting a minority defendant does not constitute a violation of his constitutional rights.
But perhaps just as troubling as the lack of minorities able to serve is the number of people who avoid juries altogether. Googling “how to get out of jury duty” takes you down the Internet’s equivalent of a black hole, with article after article providing tips from so-called experts on how to do so.