Stories of Survival in the Post-Katrina Gulf

These books present must-read portraits of the diverse people rebuilding lives five years after Hurricane Katrina.

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As the fifth anniversary of Hurricane Katrina approaches, it is only appropriate that we take a full account of what happened from the broadest possible array of perspectives. It is universally known at this point that the government response was an epic failure, and many lives were lost as a result. From those ashes, though, have arisen a number of books by authors who survived the disaster and who have closely documented the struggle for recovery afterward. Here are just a few of those books:

Not Just the Levees Broke

While many books about Katrina have attempted to perform surgery on the bodies of corrupt government or excavate the root causes of racism and poverty in Gulf Coast states, rarely will you find, in book form, the average person's voice. Enter Phyllis Montana-Leblanc, the people's champ in New Orleans, whose book, Not Just the Levees Broke, is her personal account of the physical, emotional and mental abuse she endured during the breached-levee floods and her evacuation.

Leblanc also draws from her pre- and post-Katrina life experiences to explain the disastrous impact on the well-being of thousands of New Orleanians. As the cousin of Allison "Tootie" Montana -- New Orleans' revered Big Chief of the Mardi Gras Indians -- Leblanc has the soul of the city's African-American culture running through her veins. What bleeds onto these pages is a cleansing agent that removes the trauma of the catastrophe and leaves messages of faith and self-determination in search of resolution, or justice.

While many books are written from an academic tower or a political pulpit, Leblanc wrote hers while living in a FEMA trailer. People who know her from her work in Spike Lee's documentary When the Levees Broke won't be disappointed by the polemical passages. They'll also be comforted by her introspective, restorative appeals. Some of her best writing comes in the sections "Phyllisophical Food for Thought" and "Katrina Poems," which reveal the soft strokes of a laudable, organic intellect.

Leblanc is a witness as much as a participant, and not one who's just out for vengeance. She writes, "I could blame the city's mayor, this state's governor, or the president of our United States, but that will not help me sleep the same ever again." She also sends out tough messages of personal responsibility: "How do I defend some people who go clubbing every weekend, with no job, and return to a FEMA trailer as if it's home? ... I defend that behavior by saying that our way of thinking has to change. ... We as a race of people are so strong, beautiful, and intelligent, that it breaks my heart not seeing us reach our full potential." This type of transformative self-reflection radiates throughout the book.

Floodlines

All artists or academics who cover Katrina-related subjects but did not live the disaster can be considered voyeurs. In Jordan Flaherty's new book, Floodlines: Community and Resistance From Katrina to the Jena Six, he begins by stating as much. Flaherty did live through the disaster -- in fact, he was one of many residents who stayed in New Orleans throughout the Katrina deluge -- so in that respect he's no mere observer. But the stories he tells are not his own.

But this explanation is unnecessary to anyone who's been following the story of Gulf Coast recovery. Flaherty has been reporting from the ground since the beginning of Katrina's "end" -- to spread the word that it hasn't ended for low-income black Americans. He's paid his dues and then some in the struggle to ensure that all people have the right to recover, not just those with means. This is evident from the endorsements that Flaherty's book is tagged with, from activist Rosa Clemente to The Final Call journalist Jesse Muhammad.

His efforts are also evident in the pages documenting the voices of everyday citizens, rank-and-file activists and impassioned advocates. Flaherty is not another author looking to make sense of what went wrong. He's here to declare the inconvenient truth that what went wrong didn't make sense -- and wasn't making sense long before Katrina.

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