Pat Robertson and Haiti’s Deal With the Devil

Pat Robertson is right about one thing: Buck the colonial world order, and the powers that be won’t soon forget. The oppressed peoples of the world shouldn’t forget, either.

Marshall H. Cohen
Marshall H. Cohen

The level of ignorance in this statement would be pathetic enough if it weren’t so dangerous. Consider the average person watching the devastation on CNN, wondering why Haitians have had such darn bad luck. They say the devil is in the details, and when I was a student at Howard University, I was lucky enough to actually learn them. My French professor, Herman F. Bostick, was hard-core and of the old school. To him, the fundamentals of French didn’t begin with grammar and syntax, but with a tour of the history of Francophone Africa and everywhere black people spoke the language.

Haiti was clearly his favorite stop. As soon as he got to the part in their history where the free mulatto elites joined with the darker-skinned enslaved masses to overthrow the French, he added some pep in his stride across the room. His eyes danced as he performed the brilliant machinations of the onetime slave overseer, General Toussaint L’Overture, outwitting Napoleon. His bravura performance climaxed when the Haitians kicked out the 80,000-strong French army.

As a kid, learning about the American version of revolutionary struggle was thrilling. But this was all the more exciting, learning about people who looked like me battling it out in a liberation struggle, leading the world’s first successful slave revolt. (For an excellent recounting of this story, read The Black Jacobins by C.L.R. James.)

So, no Pat Robertson, in overthrowing the French, the good people of Haiti did not make a pact with the devil. But in the 200 years since that uprising, the world has treated Haiti as if it had made a deal with the devil. Haiti was made to pay for not accepting its place in the European social order of things. American revolutionaries who defeated their European oppressors were hailed as brave patriots; Haitians weren’t recognized by the United States until slavery ended here.

France, ignoring the ideals of its own 1789 revolution, refused to recognize Haiti until it paid a multi-million dollar indemnity for property French citizens lost. Haitians have faced brutal expulsions and apartheid-like policies cutting them off from their island mates, the Dominican Republic. They have clearly haven’t had effective leadership. A string of shady dictators notwithstanding, the world has starved the country of trade and development. (The U.S. occupation from 1915-1934 didn’t help, either.)

This “devil” talk is an almost laughable caricature of that enduring hostility. In a headline to Slate France’s version of Joel Dreyfuss’ excellent and concise telling of his native Haiti’s struggle, the editors felt the need to insist “No, Haiti Is Not The Worst Country in the World.”

So for me, excluding Haiti in the mainstream world history curriculum is even more egregious. Every student of world history should have access to Professor Bostick’s animated lesson. If they did, maybe so-called Christians like Robertson wouldn’t embarrass themselves on live television.

Haitian history is a gift to the Diaspora. There is dignity in suffering in slavery and colonialism until things get better. But it’s also powerful to know that black people resisted—and won. That’s Haiti’s real deal, and in its time of need, it’s time for the Diaspora to repay.

Natalie Hopkinson is The Root’s media and culture critic. Follow her on Twitter.

Photo caption: This is a 1996 photo of Howard University French Professor Herman F. Bostick III (right) as he greets Haitian Prime Minister Rene Preval (left) in an event at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C. At center is Natalie Hopkinson, then a Howard University student and intern in the Palm Beach Post Washington bureau.