Lack of Black Techies, Web Redlining and That Darned Digital Divide

Perhaps #peopleofcolorintechnology should be a trending topic?

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At last week’s Gov 2.0 gathering—dedicated to exploring the ways that the Internet can improve public policy—Silicon Valley and Washington came together to discuss biometric security, open-source policymaking, geo-targeting and other breakthrough technologies. Roaming the halls? Internet luminaries like Google vice president Vint Cerf, Craigslist founder Craig Newmark and Vivek Kundra, chief information officer of the U.S. government.

Yet of the hundreds of attendees, less than a dozen were African-American. “I would have expected more,” says Darwyn Harris, director of research and development at 21st Century Cloud Computing. “I was actually very surprised.”

The Internet age has spawned remarkable advancements: enhanced communications, instant connectivities, and more and better ways to solve political problems. The election of Barack Obama was the prime example of smart technology paired with progressive politics in a way that attracted millions of Americans of all races. But when it comes to race and culture, does the Internet liberate the country from social categories—or does it reinforce them?

Danah Boyd, a researcher at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society, believes that social-networking Web sites demonstrate the same kinds of self-segregation of real life. Boyd, who is white, presented her controversial work on “The Not-So-Hidden Politics of Class Online” on June 30 at the Personal Democracy Forum, another popular conference on technology and politics in New York. Conventional wisdom has it that the Internet is a classless, colorless democracy, but Boyd’s findings suggest the opposite.

“I want you to step away from the techno-hyperbole for just a moment,” she told the majority-white audience, “and think about issues of inequality and social stratification with me. I want you to think about the ways in which technology is not equally available, or equally transformative.”

 

Boyd could well have been discussing the so-called “digital divide” between groups of differing socioeconomic status. According to a report from Internet for Everyone, even in some of the most functional, tech-savvy cities, in the most technologically advanced nation on the planet, “many urban residents are locked out, unable to participate fully in the digital era.” This means many inner-city dwellers can’t easily apply for jobs online; or telecommute; they can’t easily take online courses, or even finish their homework. Some urban areas have been “redlined” by Internet service providers that don’t see a financial payoff to wiring poorer communities. Nationwide, only 38 percent of black urban households are connected to broadband, compared with 60 percent of non-Hispanic white homes. In Washington, D.C., which is roughly 55 percent African-American, only half the homes are connected.

The conference exhibited future-oriented schemes and gadgets, from “cloud computing” to Twitter tutorials. “All the technology you see here, none of it is peculiar to any particular group,” says Nat Irwin, an African-American professor of business and a self-described “futurist.” Whereas gender-focused technology conferences like Blogher and Chicks Who Click have grown significantly in recent years, the black tech community is much smaller. Sites like Blacks Gone Geek and conferences like Blogging While Brown offer a silver lining, but, says Irwin, “We have to get more people involved in the debate about the human genome, about bioethics, about science and technology.” Irwin, a long-time tech conference regular, says he is dismayed that “the black community in general is not paying enough attention to the mid- to long-term future.”

Expanding the role of blacks in technology is not just a matter of tokenism: After all, the future face of America is increasingly black or brown. Wayne Sutton, a graphic designer and social-media marketing consultant, says the dearth of black leadership in the tech world has pushed African Americans into a somewhat passive stance on the major innovations that will shape the rest of this century. “It’s a content issue,” he says. “We are a lot of times content consumers rather than content creators.”

Internet for Everyone has documented the advantages of expanding access to a new, wireless economy. For example, in rural North Carolina—just as disconnected as Southeast D.C.—thousands of textile plant jobs that have disappeared could be replaced with Internet-based employment. “The Internet has opened me up to a whole new world,” says Ferman Fletcher, a D.C. carpenter and musician who relies on community centers and public libraries to get online.  But, he continued, “it’s a negative situation when you have that many people excluded from what so many others have access to … you have segregation basically, and it’s just not fair.”

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